Erdogan Putin Agreement
But the question is whether Assad is just as convinced of the deal. Putin doubled his bet on Mr Erdogan in September 2018 when he agreed, during a meeting with the Turkish head of state in Sochi, on the Black Sea coast, to deter Syrian forces from a long-standing offensive on Idlib, against the advice of his own generals. The full text of what was agreed in Sochi was never published, but the agreement was widely seen as an attempt by Mr Putin to cement a partnership with Mr Erdogan, who had done so much to divide and tarnish NATO. Putin expressed hope that the agreement would serve as a basis for ending fighting in the Idlib de-escalation zone, end the suffering of the civilian population and stem a growing humanitarian crisis. The agreement, like a previous Idlib deal reached in September 2018 by Putin and Erdogan, is unlikely to end the war in Syria, which began nine years ago and killed up to 400,000 people, mostly civilians. It was also unclear whether Mr. Assad, who was not part of the agreement, would respect it. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres « hopes that this agreement will lead to an immediate and lasting cessation of hostilities that ensure the protection of civilians in northwestern Syria, » his spokesman said in a statement on Thursday. Erdogan added that the attacks could not change Turkey`s attitude towards Idlib and reminded Russia to exercise its responsibilities by arresting the Assad regime on the basis of Article 3 of the Sochi agreement, Altun said. Earlier, at a joint press conference, Putin said the agreement would serve as a « good basis for ending the fighting » in Idlib. The deal looks like a confirmation of the Sochi agreement in September 2018, in which Russia has vowed not to attack Idlib, while Turkey has promised to disarm jihadist groups, except that Turkey loses a substantial part of the province in the new pact.
In the spring of 2019, its army began bombing Idlib, but the agreement was strengthened again over the summer. You said that the agreement was a ceasefire that would come into force at midnight in Idlib, the last stronghold of the Syrian rebels. The agreement also included joint patrols of Russian and Turkish troops from a seven-mile corridor along a highway through Idlib to the east of the Mediterranean coast towards the border with Iraq. The agreement will also create a security corridor along the important M4 motorway in northern Syria, where Turkish and Russian forces will begin joint patrols from 15 March. At the start of the more than six-hour Kremlin talks, the two heads of state and government stressed the need for an agreement. One of the objectives was to prevent their bilateral relations and prosperous trade from harming. According to Altun, Erdogan also said that Turkey expected the regime to be forced to abide by the Sochi agreement. According to an AFP diplomatic source, Russia requested a closed meeting of the UN Security Council on Friday to inform members of the agreement.
In October, the area further east along the border was cut off by an agreement between the two leaders, with each force opening the void after Donald Trump had to withdraw U.S. forces there. Libya has been torn apart by civil war since the fall of the late leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. Libya`s new government was created in 2015 as part of a UN-led agreement, but efforts to find a long-term political solution have failed due to the military offensive by warlord Khalifa Haftar`s troops. The Russian and Turkish presidents agreed on a ceasefire that is due to begin at midnight on Thursday in northwestern Syria, where escalating fighting threatened to bring troops from both countries into a direct conflict. Putin, who stood by Erdogan after his third meeting in as many months, said the deal was the result of their close relationship. They support the opposing parties in the conflict, but the two leaders have said they want to reach an agreement before starting talks.