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► Seventeen Point Agreement Between Tibet And China - HYPESOUL

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6 The third, 4, 7 and 11 of the agreement On the road that led him to exile in India, the 14th Dalai Lama arrived on 26 March 1959 in Lhuntse Dzong, where he rejected the “17-point agreement” as “pushed by the threat of weapons on the Tibetan government and the Tibetan people” and reaffirmed his government as the only legitimate representative of Tibet. [16] [20] On 20 June 1959, at a press conference in Mussoorie, the 14th Dalai Lama again rejected the agreement and stated that “China itself has violated the terms of its own agreement, there can no longer be a legal basis for recognizing it.” [16] The seventh point: “The religious beliefs, customs and customs of the Tibetan people must be respected and the Lama monasteries protected.” The seventeenth point agreement, called the agreement of the central government and the government of the Tibetan territory on the measures of peaceful liberation of Tibet, or, in short, the seventeenth agreement for the peaceful liberation of Tibet, is the document by which the delegates of the 14th Dalai Lama, sovereign over the de facto state of Tibet, conclude in 1951 with the central government of the newly created People`s Republic of China an agreement on the affirmation of Chinese sovereignty over Tibet. The Tibetan delegation initially contradicted #1 reference to the “aggressive imperialist forces of Tibet”, but then acknowledged that there might be forces they did not know. Points #2 and #3 were asked about the importance of “local government”, although the importance of “national regional autonomy” was not discussed, as the Tibetan delegation felt that things would continue as before. The Delegation of Ngapois attempted to eliminate the guarantees of power for the Panchen Lama in points #5 and #6, but the Chinese delegation replied that the Panchen Lama and the Dalai Lama should be treated in the same way; Either they have guaranteed their power, or not. The Tibetans recognized the point. Fundamental differences over the #8, the dissolution of the Tibetan army, led to a promise to renegotiate the subject later. The most controversial point was #15 with regard to the creation of a military and administrative committee, with the Tibetan delegation believing that it disagreed with the position #11 on the Tibetan local government, which is itself carrying out reforms. Most of the other points were accepted without comment or with minor translation adjustments. In order to avoid embarrassing problems for the Chinese delegation, agreements with the Tibetan delegation on issues such as the maintenance of the Tibetan army should then be concluded in separate and secret agreements. [11] As the other 13 points can be hard, China has implemented it forcefully.

But these four points that China has promised Tibet are still not respected, but China has violated it. The 17-point agreement, although signed under duress, gave China the desperately needed excuse to travel to Tibet. When His Holiness the Dalai Lama retaliated in April 1959 in Tezpur, India, the international community learned the truth about the agreement and China lost legitimacy to occupy Tibet. From the point of view of international law, China`s occupation of Tibet is illegal10. As an emerging superpower and an important member of the United Nations, China must correct this historical misstep in order to gain moral and international legitimacy in its claim to Tibet. Through intimidation and brutal occupation, China got all the points of the agreement in 17 points. If China is serious, Solving the Tibet Issue, it must be a sincere repeat of the points it has agreed to give to Tibet, but never has, they are: “The Tibetan local government as well as the ecclesiastical and secular population unanimously support this agreement and, under the leadership of President Mao and the central government, they will actively assist the People`s Liberation Army in Tibet in consolidating national defence, driving out the imperialist influences of Tibet and ensuring the unification of the territory.” [13] The 17-point agreement is a very important valid historical document that reveals the true nature of Sino-Tibetan relations at this decisive turning point in the history of Tibetan independence.

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